Author & Automotive Expert James D. Halderman

 

 

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Halderman newsletterSeptember  2018
What's new with Jim? 

With most schools starting back to classes now or soon, it is time to think about the curriculum needed to prepare tomorrow's technicians. Curt Ward, from Joliet Junior College and I teamed up and wrote a new book covering the latest in light diesel technology. As Curt told me: "I was selfish. I wanted an up-to-date book that I could use in my classes. Teaming up with Jim was great and I learned a lot working through the manuscript."
Check it out and consider using it next semester as part of your automotive service curriculum. Light vehicle diesel engines are a big part of the light truck market, and getting your students ready for this expanding market will make you and your program successful. 

LIGHT VEHICLE DIESEL ENGINES (A9)
ISBN: 9780134678726
 
CHAPTER 
TITLE
Chapter 1
Diesel Engine Operation 
Chapter 2
Diesel Engine Blocks and Rotating Assemblies
Chapter 3
Cylinder Heads and Valve Trains
Chapter 4
Diesel Engine Lubrication System Diagnosis and Repair
Chapter 5
Diesel Engine Cooling System
Diagnosis and Repair
Chapter 6
Diesel Engine Condition Diagnosis
Chapter 7
Diesel Engine Disassembly, Cleaning And Crack Detection
Chapter 8
Diesel Engine Assembly
Chapter 9
Turbocharger Systems 
Chapter 10
Air Induction, EGR and Glow Plug Systems 
Chapter 11
Diesel and Biodiesel Fuel
Chapter 12
Fuel Supply and Low Pressure Fuel Systems
Chapter 13
High Pressure Diesel 
Fuel Systems
Chapter 14
HEUI Diesel System Operation
Chapter 15
Exhaust After Treatment Systems
Chapter 16
Diesel Service Procedures
Chapter 17
Diesel Engine Electronics
Chapter 18
CAN and Network Communications
Chapter 19
Diesel OBD II 
Chapter 20
OBD II Diesel Monitors 
Chapter 21
OBD II Diesel Diagnosis
Chapter 22
Power Stoke Diesel Engines (Ford)
Chapter 23
Duramax Diesel Engines (General Motors)
Chapter 24
Cummins Diesel Engines (Dodge/Ram/Nissan)
Chapter 25
Fiat/Jeep Diesel Engines
Appendix 1
Sample light diesel (A9) ASE-type certification test 
Appendix 2
ASE A9 Task List 
Correlation Chart
Glossary
 
Index
 


IN THIS ISSUE
Where's Jim?
Puzzle of the month
Auto Trivia
This generation of General Motors trucks were made during which years?
a.     1960-1966
b.     1967-1972
c.     1973-1987
d.     1988-1998
 
Answer at the bottom of this page!
FAQ
What is the Relationship Between Miles Driven and Engine Hours?

Most vehicle manufacturers specify that each hour of engine run time is equal to 25 miles. Most pickup trucks are equipped with an hour meter that can be accessed using the trip odometer button to scroll through miles and then hours. When servicing a truck, it is wise to check both the mileage and the hours of operation to see if service needs to be increased based on the number of hours spent idling compared to actual driving miles.

Sample ASE certification-type question
Question:
A late model pickup truck equipped with a common rail, light duty diesel engine is being diagnosed for excessive black smoke from the tailpipe. What could be the cause?
a. An empty diesel exhaust fluid container
b. A clogged air filter
c. The incorrect engine oil used at the last oil change
d. A stuck closed fuel injector

Answer/Explanation
The correct answer is b. A clogged air filter will restrict the amount of air entering the engine and while the system may be able to reduce the amount of fuel delivered to match the reduced airflow, incomplete combustion is the most likely result of black exhaust smoke. Answer a is not correct because if the DEF container was empty, the diesel control system would prevent the engine from producing power and may even prevent the engine from starting but would not cause the engine to produce black exhaust smoke. Answer c is not correct because while the incorrect oil can cause a degradation of the engine itself over time, it is unlikely to be the cause of black exhaust smoke. Answer d is not correct because a stuck closed injector would prevent the cylinder from firing and therefore could not be the cause of black exhaust smoke.

Tech Tip
Use the Air Filter Gauge as a Guide

An engine air filter operates most efficiently when it is slightly dirty. Do not change the filter unless the restriction gauge indicates it is near failure. This will increase system efficiency and reduce maintenance costs.

Straight Talk
From the August 25, Wheels section of Dayton Daily News
 
Reader Asks About Possible Purchase of Hybrid Vehicle
Wheels
Ray writes by email:
"I currently own a Chevrolet pickup truck that is almost 20 years old and I want to purchase a car next time and something that gets better fuel economy. Some of my friends and co-workers have suggested that I buy a hybrid vehicle, such as a Prius because fuel economy is important to me since I changed jobs that now involves a long compute of about 100 miles a day. However, I really don't want a hybrid because I don't want to have to plug it in every night when I am home. What do you suggest? Thanks".
Halderman:
I think you are confusing an electric vehicle (EV) with a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV).  Hybrid vehicles use both a gasoline engine and an electric motor, and do not need to be plugged in to an electrical outlet to charge the high-voltage battery. The gasoline engine is used to keep the battery charged. An electric car, such as a Nissan Leaf or a Tesla, are all electric without a gasoline engine and these must be plugged in to charge the high-voltage battery. 
There are many vehicles that get outstanding fuel economy and many are not hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). Hybrid electric vehicles achieve their superior fuel economy by trapping the energy during braking, called regenerative braking.  As a result, they achieve their best fuel economy when driven in the city stop and go traffic. Many vehicles today are able to deliver 30 miles per gallon or more, especially on the highway and some can achieve 40 MPG. I am sure that you will find a vehicle that meets your needs and it may or may not be a hybrid, but don't overlook purchasing a hybrid. I have one and I love it. 


Have an automotive question? Please write to Jim with your questions at jim@jameshalderman.com
Trivia question answer: B. 
Please let me know what you think of the newsletter. I would love to include any of your automotive news, trivia questions or any tech tips you might have. Send me your suggestions! 
You can email me here or visit my website. You can connect with me on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn too (links above). 
Regards,
Jim Halderman
 
James D. Halderman writes automotive technology textbooks for Pearson Education. He is an ASE-certified Master Technician with more than 20 years instructional experience.